Lyme disease is a type of illness that was discovered in 1975 but is now considered to be extremely hard to recognize until it affects many parts of the body. It is transmitted by a tick bite, and it can have some fatal consequences including visual loss. To avoid all the possible Lyme disease eye problems, People are advised to gather enough information about the seriousness of the condition. A suitable treatment and early prevention of the disease can have very positive results and save the patient from more severe consequences in the future. This article will cover all the important aspects of the condition, including the causes, the symptoms and the link between Lyme disease and eye problems.
Causes and symptoms of the condition
As we have already mentioned in the previous paragraph, Lyme disease is transmitted by a tick bite. Ticks live in high grass in the rural areas, and they can infect the persons in case they expose their bare feet and arms to the grass. Heavily wooded areas and the suburban parts of the countries are the most frequent locations where ticks live. Also, areas that are homes of white-footed mice and white-tailed deer are also considered as the hot spots for catching Lymes. In case you are bitten by a tick, you must immediately search for medical help to avoid any consequences including Lyme disease eye problems. The most common symptom of the illness is a red rash, which spreads on the skin of the infected person. There are cases when patients suffer from swollen glands, and they have flu-like symptoms. It is interesting that a huge percentage of patients do not even remember being bitten by a tick and there is a possibility for them to experience spreading of the infection through the bloodstream into the heart, eyes, brain, or joints.
The possibility of developing meningitis a couple of weeks after the bite is present in cases when the patient does not get the needed medical assistance. Also, Lyme disease eye problems are not very common, but there are cases when patients are faced with such problem. Conjunctivitis can appear in the early stages of Lyme disease and patients are faced with uncomfortable and red eyes. Other types of inflammation of the eyes may occur as well, and patients may be faced with eye floaters and light sensitivity. Last but not least are certain inflammations of the optic neuritis of the eye, which can result in a complete visual loss if left untreated.
To avoid Lyme disease eye problems, the patients need to go through some special types of treatments. The bacterial infection, which occurs in the early stages of the condition, can be easily solved with suitable antibiotics prescribed by a doctor. In cases when eye problems appear, intravenous antibiotics are compulsory. However, if the condition is left untreated for a longer period, blindness and other neurological problems are sometimes inevitable.